Science

How we reported on the challenges of using ancestry tests to solve crimes

how-we-reported-on-the-challenges-of-using-ancestry-tests-to-solve-crimes

This is part of the Transparency Project. Learn more about the project here. This article refers to a story originally published in April 2018, “New genetic sleuthing tools helped track down the Golden State Killer suspect.”

I was in the midst of writing a series on consumer DNA testing when news broke that police had arrested a suspect in the Golden State Killer case. Investigators had reportedly used an ancestry database to track the man down, and speculation was that either AncestryDNA or 23andMe, two popular direct-to-consumer testing companies, had turned over customer data to the police. Both companies denied involvement.

Because I was deep into do-it-yourself DNA analysis at that point, I knew about a genealogy site called GEDMatch. There, people can upload raw DNA data from one company to find relatives that tested with different companies. Police confirmed to the Sacramento Bee that they had used the site in the investigation.

But I also knew that the type of DNA police usually collect doesnt match the type of data generated by DNA testing companies. I wanted to know the science behind the investigation.

Heres how I found out what happened.

First, I contacted the law enforcement agencies involved, but got no response to my queries. So I turned to an unusual resource — my editors brother, Billy Jensen. Thats not something news reporters generally do. Our friends and family are not sources of information because it could be a conflict of interest. But Jensen had a special link to this case. He is an investigative journalist and amateur crime solver who helped to finish Michelle McNamaras book Ill Be Gone in the Dark, about the serial killer who terrorized California in the 1970s and 1980s.

Jensen connected me to Colleen Fitzpatrick and Margaret Press of the DNA Doe Project. The project has been using genetic genealogy to identify human remains, a process very similar to what the police would have done to find their suspect. Press and Fitzpatrick were instrumental in laying out the process of turning crime scene DNA into data that could be uploaded to GEDMatch, so I could explain it clearly and accurately.

Next, I wanted to know what this type of investigative technique could mean for the privacy of the millions of people who have had their DNA tested through DIY kits. So I contacted Read More – Source

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