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New analysis reveals how conflict affects girls and boys differently

Children in conflict at highest risk of violence since records began New analysis also reveals how conflict affects girls and boys differently: Nine in ten child victims of sexual violence are girls; Boys are more often killed or maimed, abducted or recruited by armed groups; Boys more likely to be killed in direct warfare, if girls are killed or badly injured it is more likely to be a result of indiscriminate explosive weapons. Wars and conflicts are intensifying and becoming increasingly dangerous for children, according to a new report released by Save the Children. Whilst fewer children are living in conflict-affected areas, those who do face the greatest risk of falling victim to serious violence since systematic records began[i]. The research revealed that some 415 million children worldwide were living in conflict-affected areas in 2018, a slight decrease from the year before. Yet the number of reported grave violations—the worst crimes committed against children—increased, ..

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New caravans of Central Americans fleeing violence

Despite being deported at the Mexican border earlier this year, many Central Americans are embarking on the dangerous journey again in search of safety. Two caravans of people have left San Pedro Sula in Honduras towards Mexico and the US so far this year. Many people in the latest caravan, which departed on 31 January, are reported to have already participated in the first caravan earlier this year and been deported. “I was deported but I decided to run again. I will try to reach the US as many times as necessary because my country is not safe for me,” said Oscar* who has tried to flee from his home country Honduras six times since 2018 due to death threats. “Central Americans are left with an impossible choice; flee again under dangerous circumstances and risk kidnapping, abuse or death at the hands of organised crime groups or stay in their home countries and face life-threatening violence and extreme poverty,” said the Norwegian Refugee Council’s (NRC) Country Director Dominika ..

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Counting the cost 2019: a year of climate breakdown, December 2019

15 climate disasters of 2019 that cost more than $1 billion In 2019 extreme weather driven by climate change killed thousands around the world Christian Aid report identifies 15 events that cost more than $1 billion, with seven events costing more than $10 billion each USA tops list, with China, India and Japan all close behind. Extreme weather, driven by climate change, hit every populated continent in 2019, killing, injuring and displacing millions and causing billions of dollars of economic damage, according to a new report by Christian Aid. Counting the Cost 2019: a year of climate breakdown identifies 15 of the most destructive droughts, floods, fires, typhoons and cyclones of 2019, each of which caused damage of over $1 billion. Seven of the events cost more than $10 billion each. These figures are likely to be underestimates – in some cases they include only insured losses and do not take into account the costs of lost productivity and uninsured losses. All of these billion-..

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IRC Emergency Watchlist 2020

Watchlist 2020 highlights the countries where the IRC assesses there to be the greatest risk of a major deterioration in the humanitarian situation in the coming year. The countries on Watchlist 2020 have changed little since last year, underscoring both the protracted nature of many of these crises and collective failure of the international community to resolve their root causes. In many cases, constraints on humanitarian access contribute to the already precarious conditions of Watchlist 2020 countries. Yemen, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Syria, Nigeria and Venezuela are Watchlist 2020s Top Five crises. These five countries were also featured in the Top Ten of last years Watchlist. Yemen tops the IRCs Watchlist for the second year running, reflecting the impact of the countrys prolonged and internationalized civil war. While there are some positive signs that diplomatic efforts to resolve the conflict may be taking root, these are yet to translate into a major reduction i..

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Spread of polio still an international public health concern – WHO

The twenty-third meeting of the Emergency Committee under the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR) regarding the international spread of poliovirus was convened by the Director General on 11 December 2019 at WHO headquarters with members, advisers and invited Member States attending via teleconference, supported by the WHO secretariat. The Emergency Committee reviewed the data on wild poliovirus (WPV1) and circulating vaccine derived polioviruses (cVDPV). The Secretariat presented a report of progress for affected IHR States Parties subject to Temporary Recommendations. The following IHR States Parties provided an update on the current situation and the implementation of the WHO Temporary Recommendations since the Committee last met on 16 September 2019: Afghanistan, Angola, Benin, Central African Republic (CAR), Chad, Cote dIvoire, Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo), Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Togo and Zambia. Wild poliovirus The Committee remain..

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IRC Emergency Watchlist 2020

Watchlist 2020 highlights the countries where the IRC assesses there to be the greatest risk of a major deterioration in the humanitarian situation in the coming year. The countries on Watchlist 2020 have changed little since last year, underscoring both the protracted nature of many of these crises and collective failure of the international community to resolve their root causes. In many cases, constraints on humanitarian access contribute to the already precarious conditions of Watchlist 2020 countries. Yemen, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Syria, Nigeria and Venezuela are Watchlist 2020s Top Five crises. These five countries were also featured in the Top Ten of last years Watchlist. Yemen tops the IRCs Watchlist for the second year running, reflecting the impact of the countrys prolonged and internationalized civil war. While there are some positive signs that diplomatic efforts to resolve the conflict may be taking root, these are yet to translate into a major reduction i..

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WMO confirms 2019 as second hottest year on record

Press Release Number: 01/15/2020 The year 2019 was the second warmest year on record after 2016, according to the World Meteorological Organizations consolidated analysis of leading international datasets. Average temperatures for the five-year (2015-2019) and ten-year (2010-2019) periods were the highest on record. Since the 1980s each decade has been warmer than the previous one. This trend is expected to continue because of record levels of heat-trapping greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Averaged across the five data sets used in the consolidated analysis, the annual global temperature in 2019 was 1.1°C warmer than the average for 1850-1900, used to represent pre-industrial conditions. 2016 remains the warmest year on record because of the combination of a very strong El Niño event, which has a warming impact, and long-term climate change. “The average global temperature has risen by about 1.1°C since the pre-industrial era and ocean heat content is at a record level,” said WM..

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Historic UN Human Rights case opens door to climate change asylum claims

GENEVA (21 January 2020) — In its first ruling on a complaint by an individual seeking asylum from the effects of climate change, the UN Human Rights Committee* has stated that countries may not deport individuals who face climate change-induced conditions that violate the right to life. In 2015, Ioane Teitiota’s asylum application in New Zealand was denied, and he was deported with his wife and children to his home country of Kiribati. He filed a complaint to the UN Human Rights Committee, arguing that by deporting him, New Zealand had violated his right to life. Mr. Teitiota argued that the rise in sea level and other effects of climate change had rendered Kiribati uninhabitable for all its residents. Violent land disputes occurred because habitable land was becoming increasingly scarce. Environmental degradation made subsistence farming difficult, and the freshwater supply was contaminated by salt water. The Committee determined that in Mr. Teitiota’s specific case, New Zealand’s ..

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WFP Chief appeals for increased flexible funding to save and change more lives

Rome – In 2019, the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) received US$419 million in flexible funding, representing 5 percent of WFPs total contributions – well below the high-watermark of 19 percent in 2002. Flexible – or unearmarked – funding means that WFP can determine where and how money is used. It gives WFP the flexibility it needs to respond quickly to unparalleled needs and multiple large-scale hunger emergencies across the world. It also allows WFP to fund neglected crises and deliver vital food assistance to those most in need. “Flexible funding allows us to be more effective and efficient. We can respond more quickly, save costs and ensure maximum impact for every dollar we receive. Put simply, this mode of funding means that we can save and change more lives every year,” says WFP Executive Director David Beasley. The levels of flexible funding for WFP are falling and represented just five percent of the total resources provided to the agency in 2019. The decrease go..

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Disasters displace more people than conflict and violence

Disasters displace more people than conflict and violence As climate change intensifies, extreme weather events, such as floods, storms, bushfires and heatwaves are forcing millions from their homes each year. In 2018, disasters displaced 17.2 million people from their homes, 90 per cent fled weather and climate-related hazards. There were 1,600 recorded disaster events over the course of 2018 but the real number is much higher. Most disasters go unreported. Small and localised, they are largely ignored by the media, striking in remote and inaccessible areas where communities are left to fend for themselves with little or no government support. Disaster displacement is generally temporary where people are able to return home relatively quickly after an evacuation. But mega-disasters such as earthquakes and tsunamis can result in millions facing prolonged displacement. Most take refuge with host families or in rented accommodation, rather than in communal shelters or camps. Of the 1...

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